I’m currently reading Spiritual Desertion by Gisbertus Voetius and Johannes Hoornbeeck. This seventeenth-century work includes a helpful historical introduction by M. Eugene Oosterhaven. In this introduction is a fascinating story that I’ve never heard of before, related to the picture above. To set the context, Oosterhaven has another picture that includes this caption:
Among the theological students of Voetius and Hoornbeeck were scores of Hungarians who pondered the possibility of their kin and country being abandoned by God. Muslim Turks had occupied Hungary since 1526. Their cruelty and exploitation of the people shocked all of Europe. However, Jesuits and Hapsburg rulers, in the service of Rome, were the cause of even greater suffering.
Then this is the caption that goes with the picture I’ve included above:
The liberation of Hungarian ministers at Naples by Admiral de Ruyter, 1676. The men pictured had been sold to a Spanish fleet to serve as galley slaves. Chained to oars day and night for nine months, some had struggled with the fear of abandonment by God as well as their fellow believers. The twenty-six survivors sang Psalms 46, 114, and 125 as they were being transferred to a Dutch ship on February 11, 1676. When the transfer was complete, they knelt on the deck in their rags and emaciated condition and sang Psalm 116. The Dutch seamen, who seldom shed tears, wept openly.
How did the Dutch know that the Hungarians (who spoke no Dutch) were singing Psalms 46, 114, 125 and 116? Because they were singing them in Hungarian on the Genevan tunes. The Psalms are still being sung in Hungary in this fashion.