Lutheran Confessional Subscription

Francis Pieper wrote this about confessional subscription in the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod (LCMS) of his day:

This same truth — that the Lutheran Church does not set up in its Symbols a second norm alongside of Scripture — is evidenced by its insistence on the quia form of subscription.   It binds its teachers to the doctrine contained in the Confessions not because it is the doctrine of the Confessions, but because it is the doctrine of Scripture. (Christian Dogmatics, Vol. 1, 354)

You’ll recall that quia is the Latin word for “because.”  We subscribe the Confessions because they are biblical, not insofar as (quatenus) they are biblical.

From this beautiful volume entitled Concordia: the Lutheran Confessions, we find that the LCMS still apparently holds to this position:

Needless to say, confessional subscription in the nature of the case is binding and unconditional.  A subscription with qualifications or reservations is a contradiction in terms and dishonest. (Concordia, xxix)

Now what strikes me is the sheer volume of the Lutheran confessional writings.  Concordia is a big book!  Lutheran pastors subscribe a lot more content than Reformed pastors do.

I raise that because sometimes it’s said (and I’ve said it too) that Presbyterians have to take a different approach to subscription of their confessions because they’re much more bulky and detailed.  You can’t expect a Presbyterian to hold to every single detail of the Westminster Standards.  So, we find things like “good faith” and “system” subscription.  I find it interesting that Concordia is probably ten times bigger than the Westminster Standards and yet the LCMS apparently holds to full, quia subscription.

About Wes Bredenhof

Pastor of the Free Reformed Church, Launceston, Tasmania. View all posts by Wes Bredenhof

6 responses to “Lutheran Confessional Subscription

  • Joseph

    I would be quia if it was not for such a strict approach on the sabbath.

  • Tom Skerritt

    The LCMS and it’s Canadian counterpart, the LC-C also require agreement with 6-day creation.

  • Rev. Paul T. McCain

    Thanks for your kind remarks about “Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions”

    • Wes Bredenhof

      Rev. McCain,

      Thank you for stopping by! I’ve found Concordia to be a very helpful resource in trying to understand confessional Lutheranism. You and your colleagues did a great job on it.

      BTW, could you confirm that the LCMS practices quia subscription?

  • Sebastian Heck

    This is very helpful! It seems that (confessional) Lutheran ministers are better and braver men than many Reformed ministers. And it also clearly seems to be the case that American Lutheran ministers are better and braver men than German Lutheran ministers. In the country of Luther, even the “conservative” Lutherans that stayed out of the church unions in the 19th century, are now liberal to the core. What a shame…

  • Rev. Paul R. Williams

    I can confirm that both the LC-MS and LCC require from all pastors the pledge of a quia subscription to all of the theology of the Lutheran Confessions in its entirety and without reservation. They are required to make this pledge while still in seminary in order to be qualified for ordination, at thier ordination, and at the installation of any subsequent call.

    REv. Paul R. Williams (LCC Pastor), Moncton, New Brunswick

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