William Tyndale and Theological Language

Last night in a couple of my catechism classes we discussed the idea of atonement.  The English word “atonement” is interesting because, unlike many words in our language, it doesn’t come from Greek, Latin, or French.  It is an English original, a hybrid of two existing words plus an ending:  at-one-ment.  Where did it come from?  Tyndale’s English translation of the New Testament.  Tyndale invented more of our English theological vocabulary.  Leland Ryken elaborates:

Not only did Tyndale refuse to conform his translation stylistically to the language of the workplace; he also refused to accept the limitations of vocabulary that he found.  He thus coined English words when he found it necessary to do so.  Of special importance in this regard are the words that Tyndale introduced into the English language in order to do justice to the theological content of the Bible.  Examples include passover, intercession, scapegoat, and atonement.  These are doubtless “big words,” new to Tyndale’s original readers, but Tyndale insisted on them because the theological complexity of the Bible required them. (Understanding English Bible Translation, 40)

About Wes Bredenhof

Pastor of the Free Reformed Church, Launceston, Tasmania. View all posts by Wes Bredenhof

One response to “William Tyndale and Theological Language

  • Coosje Helder

    That is so cool! I hadn’t known that! I remember that Reverend Van Rietschoten had preached a sermon on the doctrine of atonement over30 years ago and that is what he did with that word- broke it down to at-one-ment. I thought he was merely finding a clever way to make a point- something he was wont to do. But, then again, maybe he was and hadn’t realized that was how the word came about. Then again, no. I don’t think so after all. Our mutual love for etymology was one of the things that made us fond of each other!

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